Review Questions On The Groundwork Set 1

Preface

1. What is metaphysics, according to Kant? What does he mean by the phrase “metaphysics of morals”?

2. For what reasons does Kant urge that the metaphysics of morals be studied before and thought of separately from what he calls “practical anthropology” about morals?

3. Kant’s “pure philosophical” approach is radically different from the more or less empirical approach of Hume and Mill. Without necessarily taking sides, compare and contrast their approaches as best as you can. Take special care to spell out each philosopher’s position on the relation of human nature to morality.

First Section

4. What, according to Kant, is the only thing which can be called “good without qualification” or intrinsically good? According to Kant, can an act be considered morally good if it is done from a motive other than duty? List the features Kant names as irrelevant to the goodness of the good will.

5. Consider Kant’s examples of the duty to preserve one’s life, to be beneficent, and to secure one’s own happiness. Compare and contrast his treatment of these sorts of cases with the treatment that Hume would give

6. Kant gives three propositions that summarize the relationship between moral value and duty. Summarize each of these. What general conclusion does Kant draw about the moral worth of actions?

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