Review Questions For Williams pp. 41-58
  1. The last topic in the dialogue is the relationship between determinism and moral responsibility. Frederick begins by giving and argument that determinism implies that we cannot be responsible for anything we do. Recount this argument in detail. Why does Daniel think that Frederick’s argument poses no problem for the determinist? 

  2. Frederick, on page 42 holds it to be an “obvious truth” that “it makes no sense to blame or punish someone for something he does unless he is morally responsible for it.” How does Daniel respond to this assertion of Frederick’s? What, on Daniel’s view, is the significance of things like praise and blame?

  3. As an alternative to Daniel’s account, Frederick proposes the “avoidance requirement” for moral responsibility. What is this requirement, and what support does Frederick think it has? How does Daniel respond to the avoidance requirement?

  4. On page 46 Daniel distinguishes causal from moral responsibility. Explain this distinction. How does it feed into the account of morality that Daniel gives over the next page or so?

  5. Carolyn argues that determinism is compatible with moral responsibility. Drawing from the examples she gives on pages 51-52, give a detailed summary of her account of moral responsibility in your own words. What role does she think things like heredity and early environment should play in assigning blame and punishment?

  6. As a counter-example to Carolyn’s view, Frederick puts forward the case of the “robot-person”. Explain this counter-example and how it is supposed to refute Carolyn’s view. How does she reply to the counter-example?
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