Review Questions For The Introduction

1. In what ways, according to your author, have the Western and Chinese approaches to ethics been different?

2. Explain the early Chinese concept of de and it’s relationship to the concept of bao. How is it, according to this early sense of de, that virtue is a kind of power?

3. Summarize your author’s account of how the meaning of de shifted during the Zhou dynasty.

4. What were li? What was their significance in the development of Chinese ethical thought?

5. Your author says that the relationship between de and bao was thought to be “in the nature of things”. Explain how the example your author gives of filial piety supports this assertion.

6. How, according to your author, did Kongzi reconceptualize the nature of de?

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