Review Questions For Rachels

1. Summarize Rachels’ account of cultural relativism.

2. Recount the “Cultural Differences Argument” and summarize Rachels’ objections to it.

3. What three consequences does Rachels think would follow if we took cultural relativism seriously? Why, according to Rachels, are these consequences undesirable?

4. How is it, according to Rachels, that there is less difference than may seem to be the case between diverse cultures? What crucial distinction does he use to make his case about there being less difference than is apparent? What sorts of values, if any, do all cultures share on his view?

5. What does Rachels can we learn from cultural relativism? Is he right to think that we can learn these lessons without embracing cultural relativism wholesale?

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