Review Questions For Bacon 2
  1. The first sentence of Aphorism 45 is striking. Is Bacon here undermining a fundamental assumption of science, or is he undermining faith in human understanding, or both? What is the value of pointing this out to those who would concern themselves with the discovery of scientific truth?
  2. Summarize and comment upon Bacon’s account of the “true business of philosophy” as he lays it out with the simile of “ants, spiders, and bees” in Aphorism 95. Having read this Aphorism, would you revise your opinion of Bacon’s optimism or lack of optimism about the potential of human reason to understand the world? Why or why not?
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