Phl 276 01 Summer 2012 Test Two


1. This test will be held in class at the start of class on 2 August 2012. The test period will begin at 8:30 and end at 12:00 PM or whenever the last person present finishes. Do NOT be late! No late or make-tests will be scheduled. There will be no exceptions.

2. The blue book you provided will be returned to you with appropriate identification. You may use a pencil or blue or black pen to complete the test. No notes, books, handouts, dictionaries, electronic devices, or any other materials of any kind may be used.

3. Do not write your name anywhere on your test. Please also “double-space” your answers, and write only on the front of the pages. (Don’t worry—you will have plenty of space.)

4. Your test answers should be your own work. Any detectable collaboration will be considered cheating. So will absences from the test longer than five minutes. Cheating will not be tolerated. In keeping with Marygrove College’s academic honesty policy, sanctions up to and including automatic failure of the course may be applied in cases of cheating.

5. This is NOT a research assignment. You are NOT to use outside sources. Usage of verbatim quotations from the textbook and paraphrasing of the textbook are to be used sparingly and kept under three lines per occurrence. If you must use quotations, know that all verbatim quotations must be enclosed in quotation marks. All such quotations, and any paraphrasing of material from the text, must be followed by an appropriate citation. The following simplified format may be used: ([author’s name], [page number from which the text is taken]). The following is an example of the minimally acceptable citation format:

For a verbatim quotation: “Of all the things which wisdom acquires to produce the blessedness of the complete life, far the greatest is the possession of friendship.” (Cahn & Markie, p. 183)

For paraphrasing: Epictetus says that friendship is the most important thing for a blessed life. (Cahn & Markie p. 183)

Failure to cite quoted or paraphrased works properly is plagiarism—the misrepresentation of other’s work as one’s own. Plagiarism will not be tolerated. In keeping with Marygrove College’s academic honesty policy, the first instance of plagiarism will merit a grade of “0” on the test and the notification of the student’s advisor. Repeated offenses will be met with more serious sanctions. Lecture material does not need to be followed by a citation.

6. Be sure that you address all parts of the question. Be efficient, clear, and thorough in your writing. Keep in mind that this is a test of your understanding of the material, not a solicitation of a manifesto of your own personal philosophy. Stay focused on simply and directly answering the questions.

7. Your answers should be substantive and your points should be supported with evidence (from the text), lecture material and independent argument. All technical philosophical terms (e.g. ‘psychological continuity’, ‘substance’, etc.) should be defined. Charts, graphs, and drawings should not be used. Your answer must be correct and clear. It need not be rhetorically pleasing. That said, basic issues such as grammar, spelling, and structure will all count towards your grade. Clear writing and clear thinking go hand in hand.

8. If you have any questions feel free to e-mail me at any time. I do not give provisional grades to test answers but I will answer questions about the test insofar as I can without conferring an unfair advantage on anyone.


On the day of the exam the instructor will return your blue book to you with your student number on the outside cover. On the day of the test one of the questions below will be allotted to each student via a random procedure. This means that you have an equal chance of getting any one of the questions below. The question assigned to you will truly be the luck of the draw. Not even the instructor will know which of the questions you will answer before the day of the test. You will be responsible for answering ONLY the question assigned to you. Do NOT answer the others. No extra credit of any kind will be given.

Below are the questions. These questions will not be altered in any way prior to the exam. They will occur exactly as they are written here. READ EACH QUESTION VERY CAREFULLY and break it into its composite parts before attempting to answer.

Each of the following items is a critical discussion containing at least one argument. For the one you get on the test, do all of the following:

1) Identify the argument.
2) Put the argument in standard form.
3) Diagram the argument.
4) Evaluate the argument as best you can.
5) Support your evaluation with sound reasoning based on what you have learned in this class.

Elwood and Jake are continuing their discussion about climate change online via a chat client. (That's how he can include the links.)

1 Jake I'm still not convinced about the global warming thing.
2 Elwood Okay, but first: It's not global warming, it's climate change, okay? Warming is only part of the story
3 Jake Alright then, climate change. What's the difference anyway?
4 Elwood The difference is that several leading scientific organizations that study climate conditions, including the American Meterological Society , the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the National Academy of Sciences, and the American Geophysical Union endorse the idea that the global climate is changing, and that human activity is a causal factor—not the cause, now, but a factor. These are all well-respected organizations with impeccable scientific credentials. That's why I think you can't just dismiss what they have to say about climate change.


Fred is supposed to pick Ginger up for a date. A little before the appointed time, Fred calls Ginger on the phone and the following conversation takes place.

1 Fred My car won't start.
2 Ginger Is it turning over?
3 Fred No, I just hear a clicking noise.
4 Ginger Did you leave the lights on in the car when you got home last night?
5 Fred I was looking at the road map, and I did have the interior lights on. I can’t remember if I turned them off.
6 Ginger And nothing else is wrong with the car?
7 Fred Nope. It's been running fine.
8 Ginger How old is the battery?
9 Fred I've had the car for seven years, so seven years.
10 Ginger Okay. You're hearing a clicking noise when you turn the key. You might have left the interior lights on. The car has been running fine until now; but your battery's really old. All of this makes me positive that the problem is your battery. I'll be over with my jumper cables in fifteen minutes.

(Note: these are the only two items that will be on your test.)

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