Phl 156 01 Winter 2012 Test Two


1. This test will be held in class at the start of class on Wednesday, 25 April, 2012. The test period will begin at 10:30 and end at 11:45 AM or whenever the last person present finishes. Do NOT be late! No late or make-tests will be scheduled. There will be no exceptions.

2. The blue book you provided will be returned to you with appropriate identification. You may use a pencil or blue or black pen to complete the test. No notes, books, handouts, dictionaries, electronic devices, or any other materials of any kind may be used.

3. Do not write your name anywhere on your test. Please also “double-space” your answers, and write only on the front of the pages. (Don’t worry—you will have plenty of space.)

4. Your test answers should be your own work. Any detectable collaboration will be considered cheating. So will absences from the test longer than five minutes. Cheating will not be tolerated. In keeping with Marygrove College’s academic honesty policy, sanctions up to and including automatic failure of the course may be applied in cases of cheating.

5. This is NOT a research assignment. You are NOT to use outside sources. Usage of verbatim quotations from the textbook and paraphrasing of the textbook are to be used sparingly and kept under three lines per occurrence. If you must use quotations, know that all verbatim quotations must be enclosed in quotation marks. All such quotations, and any paraphrasing of material from the text, must be followed by an appropriate citation. The following simplified format may be used: ([author’s name], [page number from which the text is taken]). The following is an example of the minimally acceptable citation format:

For a verbatim quotation: “Of all the things which wisdom acquires to produce the blessedness of the complete life, far the greatest is the possession of friendship.” (Cahn & Markie, p. 183)

For paraphrasing: Epictetus says that friendship is the most important thing for a blessed life. (Cahn & Markie p. 183)

Failure to cite quoted or paraphrased works properly is plagiarism—the misrepresentation of other’s work as one’s own. Plagiarism will not be tolerated. In keeping with Marygrove College’s academic honesty policy, the first instance of plagiarism will merit a grade of “0” on the test and the notification of the student’s advisor. Repeated offenses will be met with more serious sanctions. Lecture material does not need to be followed by a citation.

6. Be sure that you address all parts of the question. Be efficient, clear, and thorough in your writing. Keep in mind that this is a test of your understanding of the material, not a solicitation of a manifesto of your own personal philosophy. Stay focused on simply and directly answering the questions.

7. Your answers should be substantive and your points should be supported with evidence (from the text), lecture material and independent argument. All technical philosophical terms (e.g. ‘psychological continuity’, ‘substance’, etc.) should be defined. Charts, graphs, and drawings should not be used. Your answer must be correct and clear. It need not be rhetorically pleasing. That said, basic issues such as grammar, spelling, and structure will all count towards your grade. Clear writing and clear thinking go hand in hand.

8. Define any and all technical terms you use in your answer. This shows that you understand the concepts you are using, and are not just throwing out jargon.

9. If you have any questions feel free to e-mail me at any time. I do not give provisional grades to test answers but I will answer questions about the test insofar as I can without conferring an unfair advantage on anyone.


On the day of the exam the instructor will return your blue book to you with your student number on the outside cover. On the day of the test one of the questions below will be allotted to each student via a random procedure. This means that you have an equal chance of getting any one of the four questions below. The question assigned to you will truly be the luck of the draw. Not even the instructor will know which of the questions you will answer before the day of the test. You will be responsible for answering ONLY the question assigned to you. Do NOT answer the others. No extra credit of any kind will be given.

Below are the questions. These questions will not be altered in any way prior to the exam. They will occur exactly as they are written here. READ EACH QUESTION VERY CAREFULLY and break it into its composite parts before attempting to answer.

A Friendly Recommendation: Before you begin to compose your answers as you study, re-read the guidelines given above.

1. Alex is studying Buddhism for his philosophy class. He thinks that the Four Noble Truths paint a very negative picture of human life: all of life is painful suffering, and the only hope of escaping suffering is to destroy one's self. Of course Alex is wrong. Use what you have learned about the doctrines of Buddhism to explain, in detail, how Alex is mistaken.

2. Explain how it is, according to Robert Thurman, that the interconnectedness brought by the internet makes the Buddhist virtue of compassion easier to achieve. (Hint: You will need to describe the concept of dependent origination in your answer.)

3. Exemplaria is a small state on a remote continent. The king rules his people harshly, with strict laws, heavy punishments and mandatory education for all subjects. His state has one of the lowest crime rates of any on the continent. Which Confucian philosopher would approve of the king's method of governance, and why? Explain your answer thoroughly.

4. Bonnie has just begun taking ballroom dance classes. Her progress has been slow. One night, on the phone with her friend Carlos, she complains that she can't make any progress because the teacher isn't doing a good job explaining and because her partners don't understand the way she dances. She expresses envy at the competition successes of the more advanced dancers in the class. Carlos listens patiently and then decides to give Bonnie a little advice using Mencius' example of the archer. Explain the archer example in detail and the advice that Carlos would give by applying it to Bonnie's case. Be specific and thorough in your answer.

Another Friendly Recommendation: Once you have finished composing your answers as you study, evaluate them according to the criteria we discussed during the Essay Test Workshop we had back before the first test.

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