Exercise 2

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS: Record answers to all items in your course journal using complete sentences of English.


Part I
Instructions:
In complete sentences of English, explain which of Grice's rules of conversational implicature is violated by the second party in each of the exchanges below. Be aware that more than one rule may be violated in a particular case. Assume a standard conversational context for each exchange (i.e. neither speaker is joking, etc.).

1. Sam: What time is it?
Dave: It's about that time.

2. Jean: I'm not sure that the president is right about the economy.
Greta: That's because you are unpatriotic.

3. Aldo: I need to get to the beach, can you tell me how to get there from here?
Mikel: But of course. Begin by detecting the salty edge of the air about you as you advance down the promontory towards the mother of all life, the sea. Your ears will soon be pricked by the sound of the gulls' shrill calls as you turn left on the avenue that bears the same name as that of our third president. This way shall you walk until you see the storefront of a purveyor of beachwear and souvenirs, the northward wall of which shall be covered with a mural depicting an ironic twist on Boticelli's Birth of Venus, and from the door of which you are likely to hear the dulcet tones and lilting rhythms of the caribbean sort of popular music. Beyond this commercial establishment lies a place of repose for velocipedes and other human-powered conveyances. Cross this short expanse and you shall encounter the dunes that tell a happy prelude to the cool waters of our beloved sea.


Part II
Instructions:
Answer each item in complete sentences of English

4. Suppose that a person exaggerates her qualifications on a job application. Would this count as a case of omission or distortion? Defend your answer.

5. Suppose a person is new to this college and has been invited to a party where all guests must bring their own beverages. He gets a haircut and dresses his best, and brings a six-pack of an expensive micro-brew to share with the other guests. Would this count as a case of omission or distortion? Defend your answer.


Part III
Instructions:
Explain whether or not each of the following speech acts would succeed or not, and why using the six conditions for a successful speech act. Again, assume that there is nothing special about the context. Use only the information given to make your determinations.

6. The bartender at a tropical resort serves drinks to a couple who have been talking all night with a grin and says "I now pronounce you man and wife."

7. After a severe defeat, the defeated general consults his remaining troops and upon their decision rides into the enemy camp under a white flag. He presents his sword to the opposing general and says "My men and I surrender unconditionally."

8. An angry customer walks up the counter at an auto parts store and says to an unhelpful clerk: "You're fired."

9. Two people have been arguing about whether or not there should be a salary cap in professional basketball. One says to the other: "The point you've just made is a really good one. I'm just going to concede that you are right about it and try a different argument for my position."

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