Critical Thinking Resources for Faculty

This page contains basic information on critical thinking for instructors, as well as the handouts I used in my presentation to the Faculty on 15 November 2013 and in the three Critical Thinking Pedagogy Workshops I gave in Winter 2014. It also contains links to several of the articles to which I referred both in the presentation and in the workshops.

Defining Critical Thinking

Executive Summary of the APA Delphi Report 1990 (P. Facione, et. al.)

Critical Thinking: A Long Definition (R. H. Ennis)

Defining Critical Thinking (R. Paul, M. Scriven, L. Elder, E. Glaser) via

Education for Thinking (D. Kuhn)

Reconciling Four Models of Critical Thinking (G. Sadler)

Pedagogical Approaches

Instructional interventions affecting critical thinking skills and dispositions: A stage 1 meta-analysis 2008 (Abrami, et. al.)

Teaching critical thinking for transfer across domains: Disposition, skills, structure training, and metacognitive monitoring. 1998 (D. Halpern)

Teaching critical thinking in the" strong" sense: A focus on self-deception, world views, and a dialectical mode of analysis 1984 (R. Paul) Though much here is still worthy of consideration, this article is included here primarily for historical purposes. For the most recent articulation of Paul's position on critical thinking pedagogy see the various materials at

Strategies and Tactics for Teaching Critical Thinking

Criteria for Critical Thinking Assignments (R. Paul, L. Elder, G. Nosich) via

Essential elements of lessons designed to promote critical thinking 2012 (J. Broadbear)

Critical Thinking and Small Group Activities 2010 (C. Gratton)

Flow Charts for Critical Thinking 2010 (D. Flage)

Teaching Argument Construction 2002 (J. Kingsbury)

Critical Thinking Assessment Rubrics

A Sample Rubric for Assessing Critical Thinking by R. Paul and L. Elder

Temple University Holistic Critical Thinking Scoring Rubric (adaptation of rubric by Facione & Facione)

A Compilation of Critical Thinking Rubrics by the University of Northern Iowa

Effective Grading with the Newer CLA Rubric (G. Saddler)

Standardized Tests for Critical Thinking

The Ennis-Weir Merged Critical Thinking Essay Test via

The California Critical Thinking Skills Test (CCTST)

Other Readings of Interest

A Concise Introduction to Heuristics and Biases (M. Anissimov)

Thinking Fast and Slow 2011 (D. Kahneman)

Critical Thinking in Psychology 2007 (R. Sternberg, H. Roediger, D. Halpern)

Critical Thinking and Informal Logic: Neuropsychological Perspectives 2011 (P. Thagard)

Deficient Critical Thinking Skills among College Graduates: Implications for leadership 2010 (Flores, et. al.)

Critical Thinking: The Foundation of Education in a Technological World 2011 (J.R. Reid, P.F. Anderson)

Why Should Educators Care about Argumentation? 1995 (H. Siegel)

Critical Thinking Education and Assessment: Can Higher-Order Thinking Be Tested? 2010 (L. Groarke and J. Sobocan, eds.)

The Current State of Informal Logic 1987 (J. A. Blair and R. Johnson) Note: This article is dated but does have the benefit of shedding some light on the historical connections between the critical thinking movement and the disciplines of informal logic and argumentation theory.

Helpful Link Collections

The Insight Assessment Page of Critical Thinking Resources (P. and N. Facione)

The RAIL Resources Page for Students and Teachers of Reasoning, Argumentation, Informal Logic and Critical Thinking (S. Patterson)

Official Website of the Association for Informal Logic and Critical Thinking (AILACT)


All slides from the Nov. 15 2013 presentation in .pdf format.

Workshop Handouts

Delphi Model Critical Thinking Areas, with interpretation

Checklist and Strategies Handouts for Creating Critical Thinking Assignments in Mixed-Approach Courses

Sample Critical Thinking Assignments from My Classes

Preparatory Exercise for Taking Essay Tests

Collaborative Exercise on Evaluating Arguments

Collaborative Exercise on Forming and Evaluating Questions

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